When it comes to the formulation of policies about higher education, structuring the system, financial assistance, grants and salary, the statutory body-University Grants Commission-is mentioned like a sacred cow worshipped as well as butchered in the streets. How far the UGC is autonomous is a common knowledge. It has become a post office, a government organization, disbursing petty grants, sanctioned by the Central Government, among universities or institutions with a number of tags attached to them depending upon the status of the recipient institutions, state, Central, autonomous or deemed universities. There is a perpetual complaint about the non-availability of funds. The administration should appreciate that the jumbo cabinet and expenditure on legislatures could be cut down to feed and educate a few villages. The teacher wants to be a ladder upon which students could climb and scale new heights.
Though it is a constitutional obligation, the non-availability of funds and vested administrative setup have led to the mushrooming of universities, fake campuses, private enterprises and numerous makeshift centers of education as also fly-by-air foreign campuses. It has proved to be a great financial endeavor with hardly any risk involved because it does not come under VAT or any other financial constraints. India has by now more institutions of such type than colleges, an excellent opportunity to rope in knowledge seeking youth and those who desire to fly off to greener pastures.
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Red displays come from Lithium, Rubidium and Strontium. These metals give different intensities in color and some even play other roles. Lithium and Rubidium are metals in group one of the periodic table. Lithium gives a medium red color and is most useful, for this purpose in its carbonate form. Rubidium on the other hand gives a deep red/ violet-red flame and is also used to oxidize the mixtures in these explosives; without oxidation, they will not burn properly. Strontium burns with an intense red but it also has the job of stabilizing the elements used to make the fireworks.
Some of the popular metals for fireworks include: Lithium, Rubidium, Strontium, Copper, Aluminium, Magnesium, Beryllium, Antimony, Titanium and many others. Burning these gives a wide variety of colors and makers of these products combine them based on the type of display they want. Below are specific examples of the different colors given by different elements.
Students of various educational institutes go on strike, almost yearly, demanding withdrawal of excessive fee hike. The tuition fees make up only about 13 per cent of annual expenditure in the present university education. It is now a formidable industry and the aim is to make money. Poor students, however, intelligent they may be, cannot afford to join colleges, professional institutions or courses. They may join such courses by putting their families under heavy debt of banks or financial institutions. Even in the USA, tuition fees contribute to about 15 per cent of the total annual expenditure on higher education. Nehru said: If all is well with universities, it will be well with the nation. Whereas Rabindranath Tagore once compared educated classes in India to A second storey in an old building that was added in, but unfortunately the architect forgot to build a staircase between them.