Fireworks light up the sky during celebrations; they give a wonderful show of color and shapes that fascinate the eyes and minds of many. The beauty of the display often leads many to wonder where the colors come from. The short answer is that they are the result of the burning of metals placed in these explosives. These metals are elements of the periodic table that burn at different temperatures and give off colors at their melting points.
How Babies Learn It is quite surprising the rate at which babies learn and develop. Learning begins in the womb and continues throughout childhood. In early life how a child learns centers largely around the relationship with the parents. At least until the child starts preschool, the job of stimulating and satisfying babys desire to learn falls primarily to the parents. While babies respond to their parents voice there are many other sounds they find interesting. When parents are choosing educational toys for babies they should look for toys that have sound, colors that are bright and contrasted like red, black and white, and have interesting textures that babies like to touch.
Though it is a constitutional obligation, the non-availability of funds and vested administrative setup have led to the mushrooming of universities, fake campuses, private enterprises and numerous makeshift centers of education as also fly-by-air foreign campuses. It has proved to be a great financial endeavor with hardly any risk involved because it does not come under VAT or any other financial constraints. India has by now more institutions of such type than colleges, an excellent opportunity to rope in knowledge seeking youth and those who desire to fly off to greener pastures.
Students of various educational institutes go on strike, almost yearly, demanding withdrawal of excessive fee hike. The tuition fees make up only about 13 per cent of annual expenditure in the present university education. It is now a formidable industry and the aim is to make money. Poor students, however, intelligent they may be, cannot afford to join colleges, professional institutions or courses. They may join such courses by putting their families under heavy debt of banks or financial institutions. Even in the USA, tuition fees contribute to about 15 per cent of the total annual expenditure on higher education. Nehru said: If all is well with universities, it will be well with the nation. Whereas Rabindranath Tagore once compared educated classes in India to A second storey in an old building that was added in, but unfortunately the architect forgot to build a staircase between them.
Red displays come from Lithium, Rubidium and Strontium. These metals give different intensities in color and some even play other roles. Lithium and Rubidium are metals in group one of the periodic table. Lithium gives a medium red color and is most useful, for this purpose in its carbonate form. Rubidium on the other hand gives a deep red/ violet-red flame and is also used to oxidize the mixtures in these explosives; without oxidation, they will not burn properly. Strontium burns with an intense red but it also has the job of stabilizing the elements used to make the fireworks.